Daily Archives: December 24, 2008

Could Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs Be Endangered?

WYAAT GOOLSBY – NEWSWEST9.COM
BIG SPRING – We’ve all seen them, Prairie Dogs are a fairly common sight in the Permian Basin. A national petition, however, is making the rounds that could lead to the black-tailed prairie dog on the endangered species list.

“We just live in harmony together out here with the priairie dogs,” Pilot Rhyse Gehrett, with the Air Evac Lifeteam in Big Spring, said. “It’s us and the prairie dogs and the wind and the weather and that’s about it.”

Pilot Rhyse Gehrett says having prairie dogs roaming around the Big Spring Airpark is just a way of life.

“It seems like they actually know our cars,” Gehrett explained. “Believe it or not. And the way that we’re dressed. I mean, they know us. If there’s different people out here in different uniforms or different dress, they head to their holes.”

Holes that could soon be in danger. National wildlife experts say there’s now a possiblity black-tailed prairie dogs could go on the Endangered Species List.

“The black-tailed prairie dogs very widespread species and historically it occured and still does from Canada to Mexico,” Pete Gober, with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, said. “It’s a grassland species. It occured on about 20 percent of the landscape historically, but because of a number of things, it’s been reduced to a fraction of that.”

Now experts across the country are reviewing a petition and moving forward with more research to see if prairie dogs really are endangered. Petitioners say there are several reasons that could affect the habitat of black-tailed prairie dogs, including urbanization, oil extraction, and diseases.

“It can react to threats like plague or disease on the colony level rather than individually,” Gover said. “So while there are many, many individuals, they also can blink out simultaneously when they are exposed to the same threat, be it posioning or disease.”

With Big Spring City laws protecting the creatures at the Airpark, workers here will tell you, it looks like they’re a permanent part of the landscape.

“They give us a little wave with their paw, we’re on our way and they’re on their way,” Gober said.

Officials with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service told NewsWest 9 this is just a first step in a long process of trying to figure out if the black-tailed prairie dog should be on the Endangered Species List. They said from here, they’re going to do more research. They said this time next year, they’ll know if the prairie dog should be on the list.

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Lowering carbon emissions raises biodiversity

THE MANILA TIMES

REDUCING emissions from deforestation combats climate change and help the conservation of biodiversity, from amphibians and birds to primates.

This is shown in the Carbon and Biodiversity Demonstration Atlas, believed to be the first of its kind, produced by the United Nations Environment Program’s (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Center.

Emissions from land use, primarily deforestation, contribute to an estimated 20 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing these carbon emissions is likely to be important in climate change mitigation.

The pioneering UNEP Atlas shows how investing in carbon-rich ecosystems can give the double dividend of combating climate change and biodiversity loss.

“By pinpointing where high densities of carbon overlap with high levels of biodiversity, the atlas spotlights where governments and investors can deal with two crises for the price of one,” says Achim Steiner, UN Undersecretary-General and UNEP Executive Director.

The atlas includes regional maps showing where areas of high carbon storage coincide with areas of biodiversity importance. It also shows where existing protected areas are high in both carbon and biodiversity.

“Nature has spent millions of years perfecting carbon capture and storage in forests, peat lands, soils and the oceans while evolving the biodiversity that is central to healthy and economically productive ecosystems,” he says.

“Technological methods for capturing and storing will have their role, but the biggest and widest returns may come from investing in and enhancing natural carbon capture and storage systems.”

The tropical regions of Asia and Oceania cover a large geographical area, from the continental land mass of south Asia to the Pacific Islands in the east, with a total land area of 11 million square kilometers.

They store approximately 206 gigatons of carbon, 60 percent of which is contained within high-carbon areas. Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea are particularly notable for their high carbon density land.

This region has a large total area of tropical forest, second only to the Neotropics, and a high rate of deforestation.

Approximately one-third of global humid tropical forest loss between 2000 and 2005 occurred in Asia. This high deforestation rate reflects the extremely high land-use pressures acting in this region.

Tropical Asia and Oceania include seven “megadiverse” countries and a number of biodiversity “hotspots” that includes the Philippines in the Indo-Malayan realm which has an estimated 25,000 species.

High species richness and endemism are found across the lowland forests of the island archipelagos and in mountainous areas of the islands and continental land masses.

The areas of high biodiversity value cover 9 percent of the land area and contain 12 percent of the regional carbon stock.

The high carbon density areas show particularly high levels of coincidence with the high-biodiversity areas in this region, with 10 percent of the total carbon stock contained within high-carbon, high-biodiversity lands.

This is particularly true of the mountainous areas of the Western Ghats and the island archipelagos.

The last refuges of endangered and critically endangered species also show high levels of coincidence with the high-carbon areas in tropical Asia and Oceania.

Although many of the protected areas of tropical Asia show little or no forest loss, there are a number of areas of high deforestation, which mostly appear to occur at the edges of protected areas.

The loss of forest from protected areas in humid tropical Asia between 2000 and 2005 has been estimated to have resulted in the loss of between 10 and 43 metric tons of stored carbon.

While deforestation rates within protected areas (0.81 percent) were lower than those outside (2.13 per- cent), a significant area of forest (1.7 million hectares), and therefore carbon, was still lost from protected areas in the humid tropical forest biome between 2000 and 2005.

The greatest forest area loss was from the Neotropics, with Asia suffering the highest-percentage loss.

It is clear that the high-carbon and high-biodiversity lands already included within the protected area networks are not necessarily secure.

Tropical Asia had high overall rates of deforestation between 2000 and 2005 at 2.9 percent, accounting for one-third of all humid tropical forest area losses. It also had the greatest percentage of forest loss within protected areas during the same period.

These high rates of loss reflect the limited extent of remaining forests and the strong pressures to which they are subject

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