Camel Species Unique To Pakistan Should Be Saved From Extinction

Environmentalists in Pakistan are worried over the gradual decline in the number of some camel species unique to the region. Sea intrusion in the Indus delta and the depletion of the mangrove forests are playing havoc with biodiversity, they warn.

Also the coastal species require sweet water for survival, but the flow from the neighbouring provinces has also dried up, compounding the woes of the region.

The Kharai camel or Indus deltaic camel is an indigenous breed. The one-humped variety is considered an iconic symbolic of the Sindh province.

Of the four major breeds found in Sindh, it is the Kharai camel that has the capability to survive difficult environmental conditions. It has remained the first preference of the natives for centuries. It is also used in racing in the Gulf countries.

But the breed could be vanishing slowly because of the indifferent attitude of the authorities. The country could also be poised to learn of the much-need foreign exchange that could be earned through the export of the Kharai camels, Dawn reports.

Kharai breed derives its name from Kharochhan meaning salt water swamps. In Sindhi language the word “Khao” means saltish. Khara or Kharo tract is a coastal zone of the Arabian Sea forming southern belt of Sindh.

Masood Ahmed Lohar, national coordinator GEF (Global Environment Facility) SGP (Small Grants Programme) UNDP, who has launched conservation and promotion of Kharai camels from coastal town Shah Bandar in collaboration with an NGO, Shah Bandar Development Society, said that deltaic population was dependent on its biodiversity and environment for their survival.

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Filed under biodiversity, conservation, endangered, environment, extinction, nature, wildlife, zoology

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